Month: July 2017

Thyroid Questions

Thyroid Questions

Q) Which of the following thyroid cancers do not take up radio active iodine

a) Medullary carcinoma thyroid

b) Papillary  carcinoma

c) Follicular carcinoma

d) Hurthle cell carcinoma

Free Answer

a - Medullary carcinoma

Medullary carcinoma of the thyroid is a tumor that arises from the C cells ie the parafollicular cells and not from cells of thyroid follicles.

These are not TSH dependent and hence do not take up radioactive iodine

Hurthle cell carcinoma is a variation of follicular carcinoma only.

In these tumors lymph node involvement is about 60%

Bailey page 769

 

Breast Cancer Management

Breast Cancer Management

Q) Management of occult breast cancer with N1 lymph nodes:

a) Modified radical mastectomy (MRM) with axillary dissection

b) MRM with radiotherapy to axilla

c) Only axillary dissection with radiotherapy and chemotherapy to axilla

d) Simple mastectomy with chemotherapy

Answer for premium members

Phyllodes tumor

Phyllodes tumor

Q) Which of the following is true about phyllodes tumor?

a) It has a fast spread and is locally invasive

b) It is benign proliferative in ANDI

c) Mammography is diagnostic

d) Young patients less than 20 years old are more commonly involved

answer for Premium members only-  

Discuss about Phyllodes tumor and their malignant potential.

Barrett esophagus

Barrett esophagus

Q . Barrett's esophagus is a premalignant condition. Which of  the following statement is false regarding Barrett's esophagus

 a) Barrett's mucosa predisposes to Squamous cell carcinoma of esophagus

b) Risk of Cancer is 0.5% per year

c) Prevalence of Barrett's esophagus in general  population is  2-7%

d) Intestinal type of mucosa  with goblet cells is the most  common histopathological finding

Answer for Premium members

Peritonitis

Peritonitis

Q) True statement regarding peritonitis is 

a) Raised serum amylase is only seen in pancreatitis

b) Rectal examination is better diagnostic of appendicitis than per abdominal examination

c) Ultrasound has diagnostic accuracy of 90% for diagnosing acute appendictis

d) Catarrhal appendicitis mostly leads to gangrene of appendix and perforation

Answer for premium members http://www.mcqsurgery.com/appendix

 

Endovenous Laser Ablation of varicose veins

Endovenous Laser Ablation of varicose veins

Q )  Endovenous Laser Ablation (EVLA)  of  varicose veins is best suited for those :

a) With needle phobia

b) Thrombophlebitis

c) Excess tortuousity

d) Primary varicose veins

Answer

EVLA is thermal ablation of varicose veins in which laser  fibre is inserted in the lumen and ablation is done from inside. It is a good modality for primary and recurrent varicose veins and work in both long and short segments.

This treatment is not effective in cases where there is needle phobia or the veins are having excessive tortuousity or thrombophlebitis. This procedure is done under ultrasound guidance and  wire is passed from the superficial to the deep veins.

Tumescent local anesthesia also helps

Ref Bailey: Page 909

High speed injury

High speed injury

Q14) A young 18 years old unrestrained car driver has an head on collision with a truck and becomes unconscious. He is intubated on the site of accident and resuscitated with IV fluids. He is brought to the emergency in a state of shock,( BP 90/60 and pulse 120/min) but opens eyes on commands. On examination he does not have  pallor but neck veins are distended.

There are no signs suggestive of head or spine injury. Xray chest reveals normal cardiac chambers, no free gas and mild pleural effusion on left with no evidence of fracture ribs.

What will be the next step of management

a) Resuscitation and simultaneous CT thorax

b) Resuscitation and simultaneous Echo cardiography

c) Exploratory laparotomy

d) Chest tube drainage left side

Answer for Premium - Type of injuries in high speed accidents and points to look at

Ductal carcinoma in situ

Ductal carcinoma in situ

Q) IN RTOG trial for ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) favourable tumor was defined as

a) <3,5 cm in size and 2mm free resection margin

b) <2.5 cm and 2mm margin

c) <3 cm size and 3 mm margin

d) <2.5 cm size and 3 mm margin

Answer - Free answers to surgery mcqs
d

Ductal carcinoma in situ is a pre invasive state in which the cancer cells have not breached the epithelial membrane. It can develop into cancer in 20%.

Simple mastectomy is the standard of care but many centers now consider it over treatment.

Van Nuys system uses

  1. Age of the patient
  2. type of DCIS
  3. presence of microcalcification
  4. Size
  5. resection margin

On mammography this is seen as clustered clustered calcification

Treatment options are 

  1. Mastectomy
  2. Breast conserving therapy (Lumpectomy +radiation and hormonal)

More recently, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group investigators reported the frst result of a relatively large prospective single-arm study of surgery with negative margins of at least 3 mm without radiation therapy for patients with favorable subsets of DCIS.

 Patients with low-grade or intermediate-grade DCIS measuring 2.5 cm or smaller had a 5-year rate of ipsilateral breast recurrence of only 6.1%. In contrast, patients with high-grade disease had a much higher 5-year ipsilateral breast recurrence rate of 15.3%.

REF : Sabiston 853

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4334775/

 

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