Billroth 2 surgery

Q) What is true regarding complications of billroth 2 surgery?

a) It has less complications than billroth 1 surgery

b) Recurrent ulceration is more common in the afferent limb as compared to efferent limb.

c) Afferent loop obstruction is more common after billroth 2 surgery

d) Billroth I operation is preferred in scarred duodenum

Answer c -

In billroth 2 surgery, afferent limb obstruction is more common

In surgery for benign gastric ulcers, billroth I reconstruction is the preferred choice. Billroth II surgery has problems of

  1. Retained antrum syndrome
  2. Afferent loop obstruction
  3. Duodenal stump leak (1-3%)

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Whipple’s triad

Q) Whipple's triad is seen in 

a) Insulinoma

b) Glucagonoma

c) VIPOma

d) Somatostatinoma

Answer 

a

Whipple's triad is seen in pancreatic insulinoma and consists of 

a) Symptoms of hypoglycemia

b) Fasting sugar less than 50 mg%

c) Relief of symptoms with administration of dextrose solution

  • Insulinoma is the most common functioning pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor
  • Symptoms are present for many years before diagnosis
  • Weight gain is common
  • Distribution of insulinomas is equal in body head and tail
  • Avg size of insulinoma is 1-1.5 cm