Malignant chest wall tumors

Q  Most common malignant chest wall tumor
A. Chondrosarcoma
B. Osteosarcoma
C. Synovial sarcoma
D. Rhabdomyosarcoma

Answer to Q 46

Most common tumors of the chest wall are secondaries from elsewhere. The most common malignant tumor of chest wall is .......

Ref Sabiston page 1602

 

Truncus arteriosus

Q ) Which of the following statements about truncus  arteriosus is false?
A. Most infants do well without operations until late childhood.
B. Cyanosis is a late feature
C. Most infants present with congestive heart failure.
D. Repair requires a conduit from right ventricle to pulmonary arteries.

Answer 

In Truncus arteriosus there is a single arterial trunk arising from the ventricles, with single dysplastic valve with

semilunar leaflets and a subvalvular VSD..

Untreated, most infants  do not survive beyond 6 months. Cyanosis is usually not present early, because mixing
mainly occurs at VSD level and the arterial oxygen saturation is generally greater than  85%, but............Read on 

COA- Coarctation of Aorta

Q) Not A complication of untreated coarctation of aorta
a) Endocarditis
b) CVA
c) Congestive heart failure
d) Pulmonary vascular disease


Coarctation of aorta is narrowing that diminishes the aortic lumen and produces an obstruction to the
flow of blood. In untreated patients complications might develop like endocarditis that occur at sites of
turbulent blood flow which is the site of narrowing,..........

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Complications of Surgery of Aortic aneurysm

Q) A 68 year old man undergoes repair of infra renal aortic aneurysm. On 2nd POD he has abdominal pain, bloody diarrhea and tachycardia. BP is 120/70. Abdomen is mildly distended and tender especially in the left lower quadrant.

How will you proceed

a) Send stool for clostridium and spores

b) CT Abdomen

c) Exploratory laparotomy

d) Higher antibiotics

Answer for premium - Discuss the complications of Surgery for aortic aneurysm

Ventricular Septal defect

Q. Which of the following statements about VSDs is wrong ?

A. Spontaneous closure occurs in 25-50%  of patients during  childhood.
B. Tachypnea and failure to thrive are symptoms frequently associated with  large VSDs.
C. Patients with normal pulmonary vascular resistance and left-to-right  shunting across the VSD have Eisenmenger’s complex.
D. Patients with a large VSD and low pulmonary vascular resistance can  present with a mid diastolic murmur at the apex.

Answer for premium