Foreign body esophagus

Q) True about foreign body in esophagus

a) Sharp objects should be operated and not retrieved

b) Lead batteries should be removed

c) Most common impacted foreign bodies are dentures

d) Contrast examination of esophagus should be done before endoscopy




Sharp objects can be removed over overtubes and not always require surgery. Lead batteries can corrode and decay in the stomach or intestine and should always be removed. Most common impacted foreign bodies are food boluses above a pathological narrowing and require endoscopic break up

Contrast examination is not always required and might complicate things

Bailey page 991

Survival after pancreatic resection in Ca head of Pancreas

Q) Median survival after surgery and chemotherapy in Ca Head of Pancreas

a) 12 months

b) 22 months

c) 32 months

d) 44 months

Answer for premium members

This is an interesting question because this is one tumor in which breakthrough has not been achieved in the last 70 years. Pancreatic cancer remains one of the deadliest cancers of the GI tract and whipple's surgery continues to have high morbidity.

We discuss the role and response of chemotherapy also

Choledochal cyst

Q) False about choledochal cyst is 

a) Type IV is also known as Caroli's disease

b) Type I choledochal cyst is the most common type

c) Type III is also called as choledochocele

d) Type II choledochal cyst is diverticular disease

Answer is for premium members

This question was asked in NEET this year and a similar question on choledochal cyst is already on the website for some time.

Choledochal cyst

Strongest layer of the intestine

Q) Which is the strongest layer of the intestine?

a) Mucosa

b) Submucosa

c) Muscularis propria

d) Muscularis mucosa


b) Submucosa is the strongest and most important layer for intestinal anastomosis. It has fibroblasts that will ultimately release collagen and hold the anastomosis together. This layer should be fully incorporated in the anastomosis.

Inverted Vs everted anastomosis of intestine debate has been log going on but now many prefer inverted because mucosa is exposed to mucosa and eventually degrades joining the two submuoca together to cause healing by primary intention.

REF Schakelford: page 923