Rectal prolapse

Q) Which of the following is a Perineal procedure in rectal prolapse
A. Delorme
B. Ripstein
C. Resection rectopexy
D. Frykman Goldberg procedure

Answer 

Anal canal

 Q  True about anal canal anatomy are all except
a) Columns of morgagni above dentate line
b) Resting anal canal Pressure 5 – 20 mm Hg
c) Muscles are tubular with inner layer supplied by autonomic nerves

d) Contains columnar, transitional and squamous epithelium

Answer

Blood supply to rectum

Q) Blood supply to rectum - all are true except
A. Inferior rectal artery pierces the levator ani to supply the distal rectum
B. Middle rectal artery is a branch of hypogastric
C. Arc of riolan is an anastomosis between ascending branch of IMA and Middle Colic Artery
D. Left Colonic Artery arises 3-4 cm distal to the IMA origin

Answer to Q14 

 

Pouch design

Q. False statement about pouch design is-

a) S pouch is  preferred when length is  not available

b) J pouch is the  most preferred

c) W pouch has  more chances of diarrhoea than J pouch

d) Volume of the pouch is inverse proportional to the no of bowel movements

Answer 

Treatment of anal incontinence


Q) Newest treatment for anal incontinence?
a. Sacral nerve stimulation
b. Artificial sphincter.
c. Repair of sphincter
d. Gluteus maximus graft

More Questions 

Answer a)

Sacral nerve stimulation is the newest modality in treatment for anal incontinence. In it electrodes are placed via the sacral foramina. The nerve supply of anal sphincter is similar to lower extremity so their stimulation can lead to contraction of various foot muscles.

Others are all older methods

Shackelford page 1779