Neuroblastoma

Q Not a true statement about Neuroblastoma 
A. Arises from adrenal cortex
B. Can cause paraplegia
C. May cause Hypertension
D. Secretes hormones

Answer see below if you are a premium member and logged in

Fowler Stephen Surgery

Q) Fowler Stephen Surgery is done for 

a) Epispadias

b) Hypospadias

c) Exstrophy of bladder

d) Cryptorchidism

Answer Free for all 

d) Cryptorchidism

 

Cryptorchidism - Fowler stephens surgery means division of short testicular vessels to mobilise the testis

The testicular blood supply is then dependent on collaterals from the vasal artery.

Surgeries for Epispadias are - 

Exstrophy 

1. MSRE- Modern stage repair of Exstrophy includes bladder closure, pelvic osteotomies followed by epispadis repair and uretheroplasty at 12-18 months

 Young-Dees-Leadbetter repair- Bladder neck reconstruction for exstrophy

 Kelly repair (RSTM) Radical soft tissue mobilization

2.  Complete primary repair for classic bladder exstrophy (CPRE)