Pouchitis in chronic ulcerative colitis

Q Pouchitis in Chronic Ulcerative Colitis ,true  is

a) Seen in Females

b) Smoking association 

C) A/w Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis

d) P-ANCA positivity

Answer (Q8 in AIIMS 2017 questions page) 

Spinal cord injury

Q) Out of the following which will require Spinal immobilization most?
a. 22 yr Female had a high-speed motor vehicle collision who complains of backpain and no
numbness
b.16 yr male jumped from 6ft landed on both foot denies back pain and weakness
C. Gunshot injury
D. Abdominal injury

Answer is free 

a) 

Spinal cord injuries are a common cause of morbidity and expenditure. Mortality is associated with cervical injuries but not lower spinal cord injuries.

Motor vehicle accidents are the most common cause and gunshot injuries the least common for spinal cord injuries.

Mechanism of injury 

  1. Blunt trauma - Direct impingement, Ischemia, compression or bleeding 
  2. Penetrating - Laceration of spinal cord

Chance fracture - is a type of spinal cord fracture in which there is transverse fracture of all vertebral elements

Management

1 Complete immobilisation

2. Management of associated neurogenic shock ( due to loss of sympathetic tone) with vasopressors  and fluids

Sabiston page 420

 

Trauma

Q12) a 50 year old man with road side accident and injuries on right chest and femoral fracture, He is conscious,  BP is 80/60 , Pulse 104/min, and chest expansion is reduced. JVP is not visible and heart sounds are normal. Respiratory rate is 22/min

What does he have

a) Left heart failure

b) Fat Embolism

c) Pneumothorax

d) Fluid loss

Answer 

ERCP in pancreatitis

Q) All are true about ERCP in pancreatitis except

a) Not useful in patient with multiple strictures and stones

b) Ductal stenting associated with changes of c/c pancreatitis in 50%

c) In pts with pancreas divisum minor duct sphincterotomy causes significant pain relief irrespective of size of duct

d) Pain relief with endoscopic intervention occurs irrespective of relief of ductal pressure/ decrease in duct size


Answer for premium members  ( Please log in to see) 

Pancreatic  ductal  obstruction  by  fibrotic  stenoses  and/or  calculi are  the  most  frequent  indications  for  endoscopic  therapy.

Multiple strictures and stones are not amenable for endoscopic therapy ....................