Exam Questions

These are Questions based on Surgery MCQ exams. They come with well defined answers and explanations

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Post Whipple’s Bleeding

Q) Post whipples on pod4 patient presented with fever, tachycardia and pain, usg showed collection, which was drained percutaneously. on pod 10 there is frank blood of 100ml in drain, next line of management

a. Ct angiography

b. Emergency laparotomy

c. flush the drain with noradrenaline
d. Observe

Ans a 

This is extraluminal bleed on 10th POD following most likely a pancreatic fistula. Clinical condition is mentioned for day 4 which is  because of pancreatic leak.  A pancreatic fistula can cause vascular pseudo aneurysm so answer is A CT angiography

Early extraluminal PPH requires reexploration.

Intraluminal bleeding may manifest as extraluminal if there is associated anastomotic breakdown,and this may be amenable to angiographic intervention when involving the pancreaticojejunostomy.

Patients present with septic complications and/or a sentinel  bleed. Radiographic embolization has become a more successful modality, with up to 80% success,13 but is limited by the initially intermittent nature of the bleeding

Exploration - if patient is not stable
Ref SKF  page 1241

 

Acute Gastric dilatation

Q) Not true about acute gastric dilatation (AGD) 

a) AGD is encountered most often as a postoperative complication in abdominal surgery 

b)Also seen in other  disorders, such as anorexia and bulimia nervosa, psychogenic polyphagia, trauma, diabetes mellitus 

c) When intragastric pressure from gastric distension exceeds 20 cm H2O gastric necrosis starts

d)  clinical features are pain abdomen and effortless vomiting