Complications of duodenal diverticulum

Q) True statement regarding complications of duodenal diverticulum is

a) Perforation is the commonest complication

b) Obstruction is caused by extra luminal duodenal diverticulum

c) Bleeding is the most common complication of duodenal diverticulum.

d) Diverticulitis is common and easily diagnosed.

Answer

c

Complications of duodenal diverticulum are rare with a reported incidence of 5-10% in those with duodenal  diverticulum. Operative intervention is required in about 1% cases

Perforation is the rarest but the most severe complication of duodenum diverticulum. The most common cause of perforated duodenal diverticulum is diverticulitis. They perforate in the retroperitoneum, adding to diagnostic uncertainty. Ct Scans are most diagnostic to help in this diagnosis.

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Bowel preparation before colon surgery

Q) What is true about bowel preparation before colon surgery in an elective case?

a) Bowel preparation should be done in every case

b) Bowel preparation should be done in all emergency situations like perforation and obstruction to attempt primary repair.

c) Mechanical purging one day before surgery and at leat 3 days of administration of non absorbable oral antibiotic should be given in all patients before elective colon resection

d) Bowel preparation at most centers is based on surgeons's discretion but reports have not shown any proven benefits.

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GI Bleed

Q )  A 59 year old male alcoholic male presents with history of upper GI bleed of 1 day duration. During the day he has had three episodes of bleeding each time about 150 ml. Blood is fresh and not associated with retching. He has a history of long standing alcohol intake. What will be the most likely cause of GI bleed

a) Mallory weiss tear

b) Esophageal varices

c) Gastric ulcer

d) Esophagitis

11 b

Long standing alcohol intake means some stigma of liver disease leading to chronic liver disease and consequently esophageal varices. 

Mallory Weiss tear occurs with retching and after episodes of binge drinking

Gastric and duodenal ulcers are related to alcohol but usually presents at 40 years 

Esophagitis will have associated symptoms of GERD and long standing history

Omental cyst

Q) True statement about omental cyst is ?

a) It is always unilocular

b) Commonly seen in old age group

c) Arise from acquired or congenital obstruction of the lymphtaic channels

d) Complications are more common in old age.

Answer c

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