Liver trauma in kids

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Q )Management of isolated liver injury in children commonly  is 

a) Conservative

b) Laparotomy

c) Intervention and embolization of bleeding vessel

d) Liver packing

Answer for members only

Abdominal injury

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Q) Penetrating injury to the abdomen, with BP 84/60, Pulse 116/min, what is the next best step in management?


b) CT Abdomen with contrast

c) Ultrasound abdomen

d) Take to OT

Answer for premium 


Spinal cord injury

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Q) Out of the following which will require Spinal immobilization most?
a. 22 yr Female had a high-speed motor vehicle collision who complains of backpain and no
b.16 yr male jumped from 6ft landed on both foot denies back pain and weakness
C. Gunshot injury
D. Abdominal injury


Answer is free 


Spinal cord injuries are a common cause of morbidity and expenditure. Mortality is associated with cervical injuries but not lower spinal cord injuries.

Motor vehicle accidents are the most common cause and gunshot injuries the least common for spinal cord injuries.

Mechanism of injury 

  1. Blunt trauma - Direct impingement, Ischemia, compression or bleeding 
  2. Penetrating - Laceration of spinal cord

Chance fracture - is a type of spinal cord fracture in which there is transverse fracture of all vertebral elements


1 Complete immobilisation

2. Management of associated neurogenic shock ( due to loss of sympathetic tone) with vasopressors  and fluids

Sabiston page 420
Schwartz's Principles of Surgery ABSITE and Board Review, 10/e



Pudendal nerve terminal latency

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Q .PNTL prolonged in all the following except

a) Traumatic injury to anal sphincter

b) Prolonged labor

c) Long standing Rectal prolapse

d) Straining

Answer for premium members (Q4) 

The nerve latency is measured by an electrode which is worn on the finger. It stimulates the pudendal nerve and calculates the conduction time to the anal sphincter


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Q) a 50 year old man with road side accident and injuries on right chest and femoral fracture, He is conscious,  BP is 80/60 , Pulse 104/min, and chest expansion is reduced. JVP is not raised and heart sounds are normal. Respiratory rate is 22/min

What does he have

a) Left heart failure

b) Fat Embolism

c) Pneumothorax

d) Fluid loss