Ludwig’s Angina

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Q Cause of mortality in Ludwig’s angina A. Asphyxia B. Pneumothorax C. Hemorrhage D. Sepsis Answer Ludwig’s angina is an inflammatory  condition of the neck which is due to  Streptococcal infection Anaerobic infection Infection of malignancy in the neck Read on ……  

Liver trauma

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Q) All are true for blunt hepatic trauma except A. Grade V liver injuries are associated with vascular avulsion B. Hepatic packing is an expeditious method to control bleeding in blunt hepatic trauma C. After damage control Surgery and hepatic packing, abdominal compartment syndrome can happen in immediate postoperative period D. Post conservative management, in the 3rd week anemia MC occurs due to subcapsular hematoma rupture Answer

anatomy of esophagus

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Q Which of the following is true about anatomy of esophagus? A. Oesophageal hiatus is superior to aortic hiatus B. Thoracic duct crosses esophagus at T3-T4level at the level of azygos vein arch C. Laimer triangle is superior to the Killians triangle D. In the mediastinum right vagus runs anteriorly and left vagus runs posteriorly Answer

Submucus cleft palate

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Q) Submucosal Cleft soft palate : True is  A. Velopharyngeal insufficiency B. Normal feeding C. Normal Uvula D. Cleft of hard palate remains attached to the vomer and nasal septum Answer 

Post op chyle leak

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Q 27 Postoperative chyle leak following esophagectomy which is true? A. Intraoperative prophylactic ligation of thoracic duct reduce leak risks B. Conservative management – almost all heal by 3 weeks C. Transthoracic ligation only D. Conservative treatment includes antibiotics, enteral nutrition only Answer   

Malignant chest wall tumors

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Q  Most common malignant chest wall tumor A. Chondrosarcoma B. Osteosarcoma C. Synovial sarcoma D. Rhabdomyosarcoma Answer to Q 46 Most common tumors of the chest wall are secondaries from elsewhere. The most common malignant tumor of chest wall is ……. Ref Sabiston page 1602