Caustic Injury to esophagus

Q ) False regarding Caustic injury to Esophagus

a) Gastric lavage not done as it increases the chances of more injury

b) Neutralising  agents not given as it produces more injury than preventing it

c) Milk and albumin not given as it causes more damage

d) Activated charcoal not given as it doesn’t effectively absorb alkali

Check one more question on caustic injuries to esophagus here


Answer 

In  caustic injuries to the esophagus, early decisions have to be taken. The involvement of surgeon should be done early and patient should be placed under close monitoring.

Blind nasogastric and orogastric tubes should not be inserted and initially CT of chest and abdomen with contrast should be done to guide the subsequent procedures. Read on

 

Bile duct injuries in cholecystectomy

Q True about Bile duct injuries in cholecystectomy

a) Only 15% are recognized at the time of surgery

b)Routine  Operative cholangiography  definitely reduces the incidence of bile duct injury

c) In incomplete obstruction of bile duct,  jaundice occurs early

d) Surgical outcome depends on timing of surgery

Answer for premium members

After cholecystectomy complications can occur in 15%. Identification and management of bile duct injuries is very important. This question and subsequent discussion has been routinely asked in many exams