Bile duct injuries in cholecystectomy

Q True about Bile duct injuries in cholecystectomy

a) Only 15% are recognized at the time of surgery

b)Routine  Operative cholangiography  definitely reduces the incidence of bile duct injury

c) In incomplete obstruction of bile duct,  jaundice occurs early

d) Surgical outcome depends on timing of surgery

Answer for premium members

After cholecystectomy complications can occur in 15%. Identification and management of bile duct injuries is very important. This question and subsequent discussion has been routinely asked in many exams

Siewert

  1. Q) False regarding CA Esophagus

    a) Siewert I treated as Esophageal cancer

    b) Siewert III treated as Gastric cancer

    c) Siewert II treated as Esophageal cancer or Merindino surgery

    d) Proximal margin in Esophagus is determined routinely to alter the management

    Answer

FNH _ Focal Nodular hyperplasia

Q) True about Focal nodular hyperplasia of liver

a) Central scar is seen in all cases

b) In doubt FNAC is mostly diagnostic

c) They should be resected in view of malignant transformation

d) Asymptomatic patients with typical radiologic features do not require treatment

Ans