Marjolin Ulcer

Q) True about Marjolin's ulcer

a) lymphatic spread is common

b) They are painful

c) Aggressive and fast growing tumors

d) Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common type


d. squamous cell carcinoma

When a SCC or BCC occurs in a long standing scar, it is called marjolin's ulcer.

Marjolin's type of ulcer is a malignant change that can occur in any long standing ulcer (ie venous ulcer)

Scar tissue is devoid of lymphatics, so no lymphatic spread. Lymphatic spread can still occur when it invades normal tissue. also nerve endings are not in scar tissue, so pain is a late feature

They are slow growing tumors, and squamous cell carcinoma is the most common type. Slow growth is again due to avascular characterstic

Radical Cholecystectomy

 Q) Radical cholecystectomy includes all except

a) Segment IVb and Va

b) 2cm wedge resection

c) Rt Extended Hepatectomy

d) Paraaortic lymphnodes

Answer and Explanation here

History of Radical Cholecystectomy

  1. Early 20th century removal of gall bladder and wedge of liver ( No lymphadenectomy) 
  2. In 1954, Glenn et al - radical resection procedure with intended regional lymphadenectomy (portal lymph node dissection), designated as “radical cholecystectomy” (Glenn operation)
  3.  Fahim et al in 1962 advocated radical resection consisting of hepatectomy and portal lymph node dissection

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