Indications of Small Bowel transplant

Q ) One of the following is not an indication for small bowel transplant

a)  Impensing liver failure by PNALD

b) Multiple thromboses of central veins 

c)  Single episode of catheter-related infection requiring hospitalization in any year

d) single episode of fungal line infection



Diverticular disease of colon

Q) False about diverticular disease of colon is 

a) 10-20% of all diverticular disease of colon develop symptoms. Rest remain asymptomatic

b) Low fiber diet is implicated in etiology

c) Sigmoidoscopy is useful tool for evaluation of diverticulitis

d) Elective colectomy in uncomplicated diverticulitis is rare and forms only 1% of cases with diverticular disease

Cancer lower rectum

Q) False statement about management of cancer rectum

a) Relative to ERUS, pelvic MRI is more accurate in its ability to detect lymph node involvement 

b) Rectal cancers located in the upper third of the rectum are exempt from neoadjuvant treatment.

c)  TME is typically performed 2-3 weeks after completion of CRT before fibrosis develop

d) ERAS  include early mobilization, transition to oral pain control, and resumption of oral food intake

Carcinoma GB epidemiology

Q) Not true about GB malignancy

A. 80 percent of porcelain gall bladder predispose to malignancy

B. Untreated advanced  CA GB  median survival is 2-5 months

C. Stippled calcification of mucosa has higher risk of malignancy than diffuse intramural calcification

D. More than 75 percent of CA gall bladder has history of cholelithiasis


Ans a 

69% to 86% of patients with gallbladder cancer have a personal history of gallstone disease.

The presence of an abnormal pancreaticobiliary duct junction, thought to promote chronic biliary inflammation, has been associated with both choledochal cyst disease and gallbladder cancer.

In porcelain gallbladder, risk of ca gb due to chronic inflammation and calcification of the gallbladder wall, was once estimated to be as high as 61%; however, more contemporary analyses suggest that the correct figure is more likely between 7% and 25%

Ref Shackelford 8th page 1323