Bladder Cancer

Q) What is the most suitable treatment option for non muscle-invasive bladder cancer with the risk of recurrences?


B)Intravesical chemotherapy

C)Transurethral resection and adjuvant intravesical chemotherapy

D)Palliative therapy


Patients with non–muscle-invasive bladder cancer (confined to the bladder mucosa or submucosa) can be managed with transurethral resection alone and adjuvant intravesical (instilled into the bladder) chemotherapy/immunotherapy.

The use of these intravesical agents is critical since patients with non–muscle-invasive bladder cancer are at risk for tumour recurrence and progression.


Uro Onco MCQS

Squamous cell carcinoma

Q) What is the correct regarding squamous cell carcinoma? (For oncosurgery skin MCQs see here)

A)Chronic healing wound is a risk factor.

B)Bowen's disease does not have a risk of malignant transformation.

C)In situ disease present as slightly pink or skin coloured raised plaques.

D)Imiquimod is not used as a treatment option.

Esophagus duplication cyst

Q) False statement about esophagus duplication cyst

a) Cystic form is most common  which does not  communicate with the lumen

b) Adults are mostly asymptomatic

c) Malignnat transformation is rare

d) Most commonly seen in middle 1/3 of esophagus


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