Anal canal

 Q  True about anal canal anatomy are all except
a) Columns of morgagni above dentate line
b) Resting anal canal Pressure 5 – 20 mm Hg
c) Muscles are tubular with inner layer supplied by autonomic nerves

d) Contains columnar, transitional and squamous epithelium

Answer

Hepatic blood flow

Q. All are true regarding hepatic blood flow except
A. Liver has dual blood supply from portal vein and hepatic artery
B. 70% of liver oxygen comes from the hepatic artery
C. 70-80% of blood supply to the liver is from portal vein

d) Liver receives 25% of cardiac output

Answer for premium

The explanation discusses how much blood and oxygen goes through portal vein and hepatic artery to the liver

What is hepatic artery buffer response

 

Liver trauma

Q) All are true for blunt hepatic trauma except
A. Grade V liver injuries are associated with vascular avulsion
B. Hepatic packing is an expeditious method to control bleeding in blunt hepatic trauma
C. After damage control Surgery and hepatic packing, abdominal compartment syndrome can
happen in immediate postoperative period
D. Post conservative management, in the 3rd week anemia MC occurs due to subcapsular
hematoma rupture

Answer

anatomy of esophagus

Q Which of the following is true about anatomy of esophagus?
A. Oesophageal hiatus is superior to aortic hiatus
B. Thoracic duct crosses esophagus at T3-T4level at the level of azygos vein arch
C. Laimer triangle is superior to the Killians triangle

D. In the mediastinum right vagus runs anteriorly and left vagus runs posteriorly

Answer

Post op chyle leak

Q 27 Postoperative chyle leak following esophagectomy which is true?
A. Intraoperative prophylactic ligation of thoracic duct reduce leak risks
B. Conservative management - almost all heal by 3 weeks
C. Transthoracic ligation only
D. Conservative treatment includes antibiotics, enteral nutrition only

Answer 

 

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