Fong Score

Q.Not a Poor risk factor according to Fong score
a) Node +
 b) Disease free interval more than 1 yr
c) 2 Liver Mets

d) Single metastasis 6 cm

Ans b 

Fong score is for Survival after treatment for metastatic colorectal cancer to the liver. It includes 5 variables for which score is alloted to each point

Nodal status of primary

Disease-free interval from the primary to discovery of the liver metastases of <12 months

Number of tumors >1,

Preoperative CEA level >200 ng/ml, and

Size of the largest tumor >5 cm

Indication Surgery crohn disease

Q. Most common indication of surgery in Crohn's disease (#AIIMS GI )    (# Jejunum MCQS) 
a) Fistula
b) intractability
c) abscess
d) obstruction

Ans d Obstruction

Confusion between failure of medical therapy or obstruction as the ans. I have checked Bailey sabiston and Shackelford

2 books mention obstruction on top whereas one mentions failure of medical therapy. However with the improvement of medical management in the past decade, obstruction can be the ans

Crohn’s disease will require surgery at some time durin the course of their illness. Approximately 70% of patients will
require surgical resection within 15 years after diagnosis.

Indications for surgery include failure of medical treatment, bowel obstruction, and fistula or abscess formation. Most patients can
be treated with elective surgery,

Colon Lymphoma

Q) True about lymphoma of the colon?

a) More common in females

b) Most common in 3rd and 4th decade

c) Most common site is caecum

d) T cells are most commonly involved

Surgery Questions on Colon

MCQs in Rectum

Ans c

Lymphoma is uncommon in the colon/rectum occurring in 0.4% of patients; intestinal lymphoma and can present anywhere between the
second and eighth decades of life.

Most of these lesions are intermediate to high-grade B-cell lymphomas.

Affected men outnumber women about 1.5:1 

The majority of colorectal lymphomas are found in the cecum or ascending colon. More than 70% of colorectal lymphomas are proximal to the hepatic flexure. 

Colon Lymphoma Pathology Outlines 

Extranodal Marginal Zone B-Cell Lymphoma

ENMZL, formerly known as marginal zone lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphoma)

Low-grade lymphoma involving cells that arise from the marginal zone surrounding lymphoid follicles.

23%–48% of all primary GI NHLs, second only to DLBCL in most series

ENMZLs are heterogeneous lymphomas, often containing monocytoid-like cells, plasma cells, and scattered large cells intermixed with marginal zone cells.

There are small cells with irregular cleaved nuclei and a moderate amount of clear cytoplasm


Microscopic Appearance  diffuse sheets of large lymphoid cells infiltrate the lamina propria and submucosa, with frequent obliteration of the muscularis propria and ulceration of the overlying mucosa.

Irregular nuclei, prominent nucleoli, and basophilic cytoplasm and are more than twice as large as normal lymphocytes.

Other less common type is  Mantle cell lymphoma

Our Recommendations


Bailey & Love’s Short Practice of Surgery, 27th Edition

Sabiston’s Textbook of Surgery

Schwartz’s Principles Of Surgery

SRB’S Manual Of Surgery


Operative Techniques in Surgery by Michael W. Mulholland et al

Chassin’s Operative Strategy in General Surgery

Farquharson’s Textbook of Operative General Surgery, 10th Edition

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