Q ) Patient with normal swallowing but progressive poor peristalsis in lower 2/3rds of esophagus and reflux episodes.

a) Scleroderma

b) Achalasia


Gastric pullup

Q 35) Not a step in Gastric pull up mobilization?

a) Lesser sac entering

b) Posterior mobilization of the duodenum

c) dilatation of hiatus

d) ligation of lesser curve vessels
Answer 35

Stomach is the best esophageal substitute. It has a single anastomosis, consistent blood supply and is durable

Disadvantage is reflux in the long term.

Check the answer to the question on gastric pull up in the answer

Caustic Injury to esophagus

Q ) False regarding Caustic injury to Esophagus

a) Gastric lavage not done as it increases the chances of more injury

b) Neutralising  agents not given as it produces more injury than preventing it

c) Milk and albumin not given as it causes more damage

d) Activated charcoal not given as it doesn’t effectively absorb alkali

Check one more question on caustic injuries to esophagus here


In  caustic injuries to the esophagus, early decisions have to be taken. The involvement of surgeon should be done early and patient should be placed under close monitoring.

Blind nasogastric and orogastric tubes should not be inserted and initially CT of chest and abdomen with contrast should be done to guide the subsequent procedures. Read on



  1. Q) False regarding CA Esophagus

    a) Siewert I treated as Esophageal cancer

    b) Siewert III treated as Gastric cancer

    c) Siewert II treated as Esophageal cancer or Merindino surgery

    d) Proximal margin in Esophagus is determined routinely to alter the management


Management DES

Q) DES esophagus False in the management of this patient

a) Treatment is primarily medical management

b) Long myotomy necessary if surgery indicated

c) Dor's Fundoplication is recommended to prevent reflux

d) Endoscopic dilatation.

Answer  Q 30


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