Catheter Related sepsis

Q ) Not True about catheter related sepsis in TPN? (More Questons on  INFECTIONS) 

a) Catheter-related sepsis occurs in 3–14% of patients.

b) It  occurs both  at the time of line insertion or afterwards by migration of skin bacteria along the external catheter surface.

c)It can occur from bacteraemia from a remote source may also cause catheter infection.

d) Catheter should be removed in all cases


Post op pulmonary complications

Q) What does not decrease post op pulmonary complications?

  a) Smoking cessation

b) Epidural Anesthesia

c) Nasogastric tube

d) Preop and post op Spirometry

Free Questions

 Questions on Gen Surgery Peri op care


Ans c) Routine Naso gastric tube placement

Postoperative pulmonary complications occur in approximately 6% of patients after major abdominal operations and

It includes pneumonia/infection, respiratory failure requiring prolonged ventilation, exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and lobar/parenchymal collapse with or without associated effusion.

More recently, standard patient care protocols (e.g., iCough) have been developed to decrease the risk of pulmonary complications, which include incentive spirometry, coughing and deep breathing, oral care
(brushing teeth and using mouthwash), elevating the head of bed,
and getting out of bed three times a day.

Multimodal pain control
and judicious use of regional analgesia (e.g., thoracic epidurals) may
also help to prevent pulmonary complications in surgical patients.
Sabiston Textbook of Surgery: The Biological Basis of Modern Surgical Practice

Ref Sabiston 21 page 247

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