Q) All are true about hydatid cyst except?
a) Liver is the commonest site followed by lung
b) Most commonly presents as painless abdominal mass
c) Anaphylaxis can occur if there is spillage during surgery
d) Dog is the definitive host
Q)Contraindications of liver transplantation have changed over the years. Which is an absolute contraindication of liver transplantation
a) Previous breast cancer
b) Portal vein thrombosis
c) Active tuberculosis
d) Active substance abuse
Previous history of breast cancer if completely treated is not an contraindication of liver transplant. Portal vein thrombosis was earlier considered a relative contraindication but almost all series have shown similar results in patients with PVT than patients without PVT.
IN portal vein thrombosis, inflow to the new liver can me taken in many ways
b) Jump grafts from Superior mesenteric vein
c) Anastomosis have been done from big collaterals
Active tuberculosis can be managed after transplant.
Modified ATT regimens without INH and Rifampicin are being used. Any kind of active substance abuse alcohol, drugs etc are absolute contraindications for liver transplant because the disease will recur.
Q) True about management of hemangioma liver
a) All hemangioma more than 10 cm should be resected
b) OCPs and pregnancy should be avoided in young females as there is risk of rupture
c) Arterial embolization should be routinely done in large hemangiomas
d) If surgery is decided hemangioma located at the periphery should be enucleated
a) Alpha feto protein should be done 6 monthly
b) Ultrasound abdomen should be done 6 monthly
c) Candidates for liver transplant should be screened every 3 months
d) Nodules more than 2 cm should be followed up more regularly
In a cirrhotic liver, hcc cancer can develop any time and a stringent screening protocols have to be followed for early detection and timely treatment. Earlier ultrasound of liver and alpha feto protein were both used as tumor markers. However in 2009 Marrero et al demonstrated the suboptimal accuracy of AFP and after that it has been removed from the screening protocol and now only ultrasound is being done.
The screening recommendation is not for those patients with severe Read More ...