MCN

Q) All about MCN of pancreas are true except?
1.Presence of eggshell calcification in CT is suggestive  of malignancy
2.cyst fluid analysis can diagnose accurately in 80%
3.invasive MCN is very aggressive with 30%  5YR Survival compared to adeno carcinoma
4. If MCN is non invasive, surgery  is curative

Answer is in the button below and can be seen only when you are a premium member and logged in

 

Annular pancreas

Q) All are true about annular pancreas except ( AIIMS GI Surgery Question bank)

a) They are mostly asymptomatic

b) It has equal incidence in children and adults

c) Treatment of choice is duodenojejunostomy


 

Answer c

Annular pancreas is a congenital malformation but manifestations can appear in the adult life.

Annulus means a ring of pancreatic tissue around the duodenum. For annular pancreas to be diagnosed, this ring can be complete or incomplete.

Embryological basis

Normally the ventral buds of pancreas and  dorsal bud fuses together. Non rotation and fusion of these two leads to the formation of annular pancreas. It envelops the duodenum.

Age of presentation

Incidence is equal in both adults and children

Presentation in children is congenital anomalies and dudenal obstruction

Presents in adults as pancreatitis usually in 3rd or 4th decade

Association with other pancreatic conditions

1. Pancreas  divisum 35- 40%

2. Chronic pancreatitis 45- 50%

Treatment

It is duodenal bypass and not resection of duodenum as duodenum excision can lead to pancreatitis

in children its duodeno - duodenostomy

in adults duodenoduodenostomy which has now replaced duodenojejunostomy

Sabiston

 

 

 

BISAP Score In Pancreatitis

Q) All are components in BISAP score except?

a) Age more than 60 years

b) WBC more than 16000

c) GCS <15

d) BUN > 25 mg/dl


Ans

)b

The Bedside Index of Severity in Acute Pancreatitis  BISAP is a more-recent score than the older Ranson's Criteria. It predicts mortality risk in pancreatitis with fewer variables than Ranson's.

It does not require data points from 48 hours into a patient's hospital admission.

It includes

BUN > 25 mg/dL (8.9 mmol/L) :
Abnormal mental status with a Glasgow coma score < 15 :
Evidence of SIRS :
> 60 years old :
Pleural effusion :

Pancreatic protocol CT

Q) All are true about pancreatic protocol CT except (AIIMS 2012) 

a) > 90% unresectable lesions picked up by CT

b) Dual phase CT with cuts taken at 40 secs and 70 secs

c) Liver metastasis detected in early arterial phase

d)

Answer is free for all 

c

Pancreatic protocol CT involves  imaging  at  the  pancreatic  phase (i.e.,  approximately  45  seconds  after  contrast  administration)  and  at  the  portal  venous  phase  (i.e.,  approximately 70  seconds  after  contrast  administration). It is useful for detection of adenocarcinoma of pancreas. 

Metastatic lesions are seen in  the  portal  venous  phase,  because  the  lesions  are  not  typically  well  vascularized.

  Arterial  phase images  are  principally  used  to  distinguish  metastatic  disease from  benign  vascular  lesions,  such  as  hemangiomas,  or  to  better define  the  arterial  anatomy  of  the  liver.

Non contrast phase used for  Read More ...

Severe Acute Pancreatitis

Q)  Ideal time for CECT in severe acute pancreatitis is
A. After 72 hours
B. After 48 hours
C. 24 hours
D. At admission

Answer for premium members

Mild acute pancreatitis 

  1. enlargement of the pancreas with loss of definition of the borders of the pancreas. 
  2.  Thickening of the right or left anterior pararenal fascia 

Severe Acute pancreatitis 

 Main determinant of clinical outcome is the degree of systemic organ disturbance, particularly during the early hours and days after admission to hospital

More than half of all deaths in AP occur within the first 2 weeks of illness  and are usually a consequence
of multiple organ failure

The revised Atlanta Classification 
3  grades of severity of pancreatitis:

Mild AP—characterized by the absence of organ failure or local
complications

Moderately severe AP—defined by...................read on