Pancreas transplant

Q) Most common indication for pancreas transplant

a) Type II DM 

b) Type II DM with nephropathy

c) Type I DM

d) Type I DM with nephropathy

Ans d 

SPK is the most frequently performed procedure for patients with type 1 diabetes and renal failure due to diabetic nephropathy.

There is a small population of patients with type 1 diabetes with renal failure due to primary renal disease or non-diabetic causes and they are also included in this group.
Bailey 28th page 1623

Anti rejection drugs

Q) Anti Rejection medicine which also prevents tumor recurrence? MCH Questions ...

a) M tor inhibitors

b) IL2 blockers

c) Steroids

d) Azathioprine

Ans a) mtor inhibitors 

One Question is always asked about anti rejection medicines, Salient points i am enumerating

  1. Three drug regimen is classic includes IL2 blocker, Mycophenolate and steroids which are tapered . IL 2 blocker  Tacrolimus is used more than Cyclosporine ( cyclosporine less used now). IL2 blocker side effects are hirsutism, hyperkalemia, gum hypertrophy etc) 
  2. Mycophenolate is preferred over azathioprine . Both cause fall in cell lines
  3. Steroids have many side effects like weight gain, cataract, infections and are used in tapering dose

M-tor inhibitors are sirolimus and Everolimus which are used when transplant is done for HCC, IT has anti tumor action.


Q) False regarding immunosuppresant medicines ?

a. MMF is a reversible inhibitor of IMD-DH
b. Both Cyclosporine  and tacrolimus inhibit NF-KB and its downstream effects
c. Everolimus acts on FKBP12To inhibit Calcineurin activity
d. ALG are more used in pancreas transplant


Q) Not true about ciclosporin use in liver transplant

a) It exerts its effect the same way as tacrolimus

b) Nephrotoxicity is the main notable side effect

c) Both tacrlimus and ciclosporin have equal rates of preventing acute rejection

d) Hypetrension, DM and dyslipidemia are other common side effects


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