Causes of Acalculus Cholecystitis

Q) Which of the following is not a cause of acalculus cholecystitis?

a) Kinking of the neck of gall bladder

b) Sphincter spasm

c) Thrombosis of cystic artery

d) Over eating



Acalculus cholecystitis can be both acute and chronic in the absence of stones. Mostly the acute form is recognized and chronic form is called biliary dyskinesia.

The cause of acalculus cholecystitis are

  1. Kinking or fibrosis of neck of gall bladder.
  2. Thrombosis of cystic artery
  3. Sphincter of Oddi spasm
  4. Prolonged fasting
  5. Dehydration
  6. Sepsis
  7. Systemic diseases MODS

Ref:By Jarrell - NMS Surgery (National Medical Series for Independent) (Sixth Edition) (2015-07-30) [Paperback]