Q)Contraindications of liver transplantation have changed over the years. Which is an absolute contraindication of liver transplantation
a) Previous breast cancer
b) Portal vein thrombosis
c) Active tuberculosis
d) Active substance abuse
Previous history of breast cancer if completely treated is not an contraindication of liver transplant. Portal vein thrombosis was earlier considered a relative contraindication but almost all series have shown similar results in patients with PVT than patients without PVT.
IN portal vein thrombosis, inflow to the new liver can me taken in many ways
b) Jump grafts from Superior mesenteric vein
c) Anastomosis have been done from big collaterals
Active tuberculosis can be managed after transplant.
Modified ATT regimens without INH and Rifampicin are being used. Any kind of active substance abuse alcohol, drugs etc are absolute contraindications for liver transplant because the disease will recur.