Grades of Splenic Injury – Image based Question

Q) 45 year old male with road side accident and fracture of 3 ribs on left side. CT scan of the abdomen is shown below. Out of the five grades of splenic injury What is the grade  in him ?

Splenic Injury grades

 

 

 

 

 

a) Grade II

b) Grade III

c) Grade IV

d) Grade V 

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Ans b Grade III

Grade 1
Subcapsular haematoma <10% of surface area
Parenchymal laceration <1 cm depth Capsular tear
Grade 2
Subcapsular haematoma 10–50% of surface area; Intraparenchymal haematoma <5 cm
Parenchymal laceration 1–3 cm
Grade 3
Subcapsular haematoma >50% surface area; ruptured subcapsular or intraparenchymal haematoma ≥5 cm Parenchymal laceration >3 cm depth
Grade 4
Any injury in the presence of a splenic vascular
injury or active bleeding confned within the splenic
capsule
Parenchymal laceration involving segmental or hilar
vessels producing >25% devascularisation
Grade 5
Any injury in the presence of splenic vascular injurya
with active bleeding extending beyond the spleen
into the peritoneum – shattered spleen
Vascular injury is defined as a pseudoaneurysm or arteriovenous fistula and appears as a focal collection of vascular contrast that decreases in attenuation with delayed imaging.
Active bleeding from a vascular injury presents as vascular contrast, focal or diffuse, that
increases in size or attenuation in the delayed phase
Bailey 1224