liver 51-60

Check other Liver MCQs - Set of 5 questions

Liver Secondaries

Hydatid disease

Hepatocellular carcinoma

Radiofrequency embolisation

Questions on Liver Anatomy 

Questions on Portal hypertension

Liver Physiology

Liver Transplant q 36-40

Q 46-50

Q51) Which of the following liver resections have the least chances of bleeding?

a) Previous history of TACE

b) A patient with splenomegaly

c) The patient with Platelet count 25000

d) Patient with grade III esophageal varices

51 a

Prior history of TACE means no portal hypertension. All other choices are indirect evidences of portal hypertension.

52). Absolute contraindication for left lobe LDLT is
A. Trifurcation of the portal vein
B. Bifurcation of portal vein in the right lobe of the liver
C. Aberrant right hepatic artery
D. Right Posterior duct draining into left hepatic duct


52) d

Trifurcation of portal vein is not a contraindication of  left lobe liver transplant  as we will get a single portal vein on the left side

Portal vein trifurcation
Portal vein

Bifurcation of portal vein in right lobe does not matter because we are leaving the right lobe behind

Again right aberrant artery does not matter because that segment is left behind

Right post duct draining into left duct gives rise to two ducts on the left or a single duct which is quite high.

Right posterior duct to left

53) Which of the following does not cause hepatic adenoma? (AIIMS 2018, NOV) 

a) Estrogens

b) Steroids

c) Alcohol

d) Diabetes

 53) Alcohol

For Explanation read q 10 here

Q 54 BCS true is  (2019 MCH)

a) Hepatic venography needed for diagnosis

b) Triad of pain hepatomegaly and jaundice

c) Mesocaval graft thrombosis precludes liver transplant

d) In IVC  stenosis, splenorenal shunt can be used

 54) c

Hepatic venography is often not needed for establishing a diagnosis but may be useful for direct measurement of a pressure gradient - Ref SKF 1521

The diagnosis of Budd-Chiari syndrome should be considered in any patient with hepatomegaly and ascites. Pain is seen in acute and not chronic BCS

Vein angioplasty with or without stent placement also has been tried in selected cases. It is indicated for short-segment stenoses of a hepatic vein or veins, hepatic venous outflow tract stenosis following liver transplantation, or IVC webs. Angioplasty with stenting of the retrohepatic IVC has been performed in conjunction with surgical portosystemic shunting when a pressure gradient exists across this segment of the IVC from caudate lobe compression.

If the IVC is widely patent, either a mesocaval shunt, a central splenorenal shunt, or a side-to-side portacaval shunt

Mesocaval and splenorenal shunts are used most commonly.  If the mesocaval  graft thromboses, the superior mesenteric vein will probably not be available should liver transplant eventually become warranted.

A direct, sideto-side splenorenal shunt preserves the hepatic hilum and does not require a vein graft. Although side-to-side portacaval shunts have a reported high-patency rate, hypertrophy of the caudate lobe can make direct shunting impossible. In addition, dissection of the hepatic hilum can make subsequent liver transplantation difficult. Finally, portal vein thrombosis is an obvious contraindication for the procedure. 

IN IVC stenosis, mesoatrial shunt is used

Ref SKF page 1522


Q55) Which is not true in terms of biliary fistula in  hydatid cyst liver

a) Cyst diameter more than 10 cm is a predictor of intrabiliary rupture

b) Minor communications are revealed by post op bile leak

c) Major biliary communication is fistula more than 5 mm or communication in the bile duct

d) Major biliary communication is seen in 15-20%



Q56) In Budd Chiari Syndrome best management for patients when all three hepatic veins are blocked with deranged LFT

a) Liver transplant

b) Side to side porto caval shunt

c) MEso atrial Shunt



Q57 ) True about 5 cm haemangioma of the liver 

a) 50% of symptomatic haemangiomas of the liver will still have some other intra abdominal cause

b) They should be operated because of high risk of rupture

c) 2-5% of these can turn to be malignant

d) Radiation gives the best results

Answer to Q 53 on this page

Q58) Which finding best describes post hepatectomy liver failure
A) INR and Billi raises on or after day 5
B) Refractory INR even after FFP
C) Hyperbilirubinemia
D) Hepatic encephalopathy


Q59) Regarding  ICG clearance rate . Which is false..
a) It assess total  liver function

b) Heterogenous uptake in liver may lead to false negative result
c) Measures blood supply 
d) ICG clearance Measured non invasively via spectrophotometry