MRCS Ortho- Lower limb

Q1) 6 year old child  pain in hip -  Perthe's disease 

Perthe's disease is AVN of proximal femoral epiphysis

Boys are affected between 4to 7 years of age

10% are bilateral

The history, clinical examination and anteroposterior and ‘frog’ lateral radiographs of the pelvis make the diagnosis.

There is a  resorption and reossification phases that allow the femoral head to ‘heal’

An intermittently painful hip (or knee) with a limp and irritability or restriction of hip movements.

Q2. Trauma to knee- Swelling on the medial aspect  - Which ligament injured

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