Q) True about Focal nodular hyperplasia of liver
a) Central scar is seen in all cases
b) In doubt FNAC is mostly diagnostic
c) They should be resected in view of malignant transformation
d) Asymptomatic patients with typical radiologic features do not require treatment
Q) False regarding Bariatric surgery
a) VBG produces less weight loss when compared to RYGB
b) Jejuno-ileal by-pass not done nowadays.
c) Dumping is due to non- compliance of dietary advice
d) LAGB requires once a 4-6wk follow up
Calorie restriction is responsible for long term weight loss and its beneficial effects such as control of diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension and other metabolic abnormalities.
Restrictive procedures are LSG and LAGB which decrease the appetite and induce early satiety.
The RYGB (ROUX en Y gastric bypass ) is a malabsorptive procedure with long term sustained weight loss.
Mechanism of weight loss after bariatric surgery
Ghrelin is orexigenic gut hormone, which increases appetite. After food intake ghrelin levels fall and appetite decreases.
After restrictive surgery such as LYGB and LSG, ghrelin levels fall and appetite decreases.
Vertical Banded Gastroplasty (VBG) This procedure has been abandoned in favor of other operations because of poor long-term weight loss, a high rate of late stenosis of the gastric outlet, and a tendency for patients to adopt a highcalorie liquid diet, thereby leading to regain of weight. Choice a is correct
Q) In Carcinoid appendix, False statement is
a) It is the most common tumor of the appendix
b) Less than 1% of the overall appendectomy specimens have carcinoid tumor
c) Size of the lesion is a good predictor of malignant behavior
d) Mostly carcinoid appendix are seen in the base of appendix
Q) Management of Hinchey II diverticulitis is
b) USG guided aspiration
c) CT guided aspiration followed by elective surgery
d) direct Surgery
Q) True about suturing technique in vascular anastomosis
a) Anastomosis may not be completely water tight
b) To prevent intimal injury needle should be moved from with in to out
c) 4-0 suture is preferred for aorta
d) Any bio degradable suture which is monofilament can be used
Vessels should always be sewn with the needle moving from within to without on the downstream edge of the vessel to avoid creating an intimal flap and to fix any atherosclerotic plaque.
Tip of the needle should be at right angle to the intima and curve of the needle should be followed
Distal clamp is released first
Non absorbable sutures should be used
2-0 should be used for aorta 4-0 for femoral and 6-0 for popliteal
Only non absorbable monofilament sutures are used in vascular anastomosis
Bailey 27 page 99
Q) True about Roux stasis syndrome
a) Dilated Roux limb present
b) can be prevented by inter positioning 20 cm jejunum between stomach n duodenum
c) Delayed gastric emptying of solids
d) It is not related to the size of gastric remnant
In Roux stasis syndrome there is abnormal peristalsis in the roux limb and propulsion is proximal. Read on