Examination of cranial nerves in head injury

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Q) Gaze paresis is seen after head injury? What is responsible for this a) Facial nerve injury b) Vestibulo cochlear nerve injury c) Brain stem dysfunction d) Optic nerve injury Answer Gaze paresis is inability to produce horizontal eye movements in one or both directions. Examination of cranial nerves in head injury is very important to fully assess the extent of injury. Read on for answer

Anatomy of urethera

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Q) Shortest length of urethera is  a) Bulbar b) Prostatic c) Penile d) Membranous Premium

Thyroid Questions

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Q) Which of the following thyroid cancers do not take up radio active iodine a) Medullary carcinoma thyroid b) Papillary  carcinoma c) Follicular carcinoma d) Hurthle cell carcinoma Free Answer a – Medullary carcinoma Medullary carcinoma of the thyroid is a tumor that arises from the C cells ie the parafollicular cells and not from cells of thyroid follicles. These are not TSH dependent and hence do not take up radioactive iodine Hurthle cell carcinoma is a variation of follicular carcinoma only. In these tumors lymph node involvement is about 60% Bailey page 769  

Breast Cancer Management

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Q) Management of occult breast cancer with N1 lymph nodes: a) Modified radical mastectomy (MRM) with axillary dissection b) MRM with radiotherapy to axilla c) Only axillary dissection with radiotherapy and chemotherapy to axilla d) Simple mastectomy with chemotherapy Answer for premium members

Endocardial cushion defect

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Q) Endocardial cushion defects seen with: a) Mitral stenosis b) Pulmonary stenosis c) Mitral regurgitation d) Aortic regurgitation Answer for premium – Discuss what is Endocardial cushion defects Associated conditions  

Gastrinoma triangle

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Q) Which of the following does not form part of gastrinoma triangle a) Pylorus b) Junction of body and neck of pancreas c) Cystic duct and CBD junction d) Junction of 2nd and 3rd part of duodenum Answer a   For explanation and similar question   

Q All are true about Nissen’s fundoplication except?

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a) It is a 360 degree fundoplication b) Gas bloat syndrome is a common complication c) Nissen’s fundoplication can be done by both thoracic and abdominal approach d) Usually three sutures are taken to hold the wrap Answer – Premium Membership