Ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease

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Q) All of the following are seen in both ulcerative colitis and crohn’s disease except a) Aphthous ulcer b) Pseudo polyp c) Rectal disease d) Obstructive symptoms Answer for premium only

Hirchsprung’s disease

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Q) False statement about Hirchsprung’s disease is: a) Male and Female have equal incidence b) In approximately 8% of the patients entire colon is affected c) After surgery constipation is the most common problem d) Down syndrome can be seen in up to 3-5% patients  Answer a Hirchsprung’s  disease is a developmental disorder characterized by absence of ganglion cells in both Auerbach’s and Meissner’s plexus and males are more frequently affected than females Absence of these ganglion  cells lead to a very tight anal sphincter with resultant constipation. This aganglionosis which is similar to Achalasia cardia  begins at anorectal junction and involves rectosigmoid in 80% and entire colon in 8% of cases. Various surgical options like Duhamel, Swenson and Soave procedures can be done and in all constipation is a common problem Down’s syndrome is associated in 5% Ref: Sabiston 20th edition page 1876