Thyroid storm

Q) 40 year old lady was on anti thyroid medications which she stopped for 2 weeks. She presented in emergency with high grade fever and hypotension. ( Thyroid Storm) .What is not a part of further management?

a) Oxygen

b) Beta blockers

c) Radio active Iodine

d) Lugol's idodine

Thyroid MCqs

Ans  c

This is Thyroid storm. radio active iodine is a predisposing factor and not part of management 

Predisposing factors for thyroid storm are 

  1. Cessation of anti thyroid medications
  2. Infection
  3. Thyroid or non thyroid surgery in untreated thyrotoxicosis
  4. Trauma in patients with untreated thyrotoxicosis.
  5. Amiodarone
  6. Iodinated contrast agents
  7. RAI therapy

Management is 

  1. Beta blockers
  2. Oxygen and hemodynamic support
  3. IV Lugol iodine
  4. PTU
  5. Corticosteroids

The symptoms of thyroid storm are more intense and severe than typical hyperthyroidism symptoms. They can include severe fever, rapid and irregular heartbeat (tachycardia), elevated blood pressure, restlessness, confusion, agitation, tremors, excessive sweating, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, dehydration, and in severe cases, even delirium, seizures, and coma.

Schwartz page 1638