Q. 40 yr old lady with symptoms of GERD. Endoscopy shows hiatus hernia. Symptoms controlled with PPI. Next step
a) Leave alone
b) Manometry with Ph study
c) Ba swallow with Manometry
d) Ba swallow with Ph study
Q) Degloving injury is one which involves stripping of
b) Skin, Subcutaneous fat
c) Skin, Subcutaneous fat and underlying fascia
d) All soft tissue upto bones
Q) Which of the following is tumoricidal?
a. 1 percent cetrimide.
Q) Fowler Stephen Surgery is done for
c) Exstrophy of bladder
Answer Free for all
Surgeries for Epispadias are -
1. MSRE- Modern stage repair of Exstrophy includes bladder closure, pelvic osteotomies followed by epispadis repair and uretheroplasty at 12-18 months
Young-Dees-Leadbetter repair- Bladder neck reconstruction for exstrophy
Kelly repair (RSTM) Radical soft tissue mobilization
2. Complete primary repair for classic bladder exstrophy (CPRE)
Cryptorchidism - Fowler stephens surgery means division of short testicular vessels to mobilise the testis
The testicular blood supply is then dependent on collaterals from the vasal artery.
Q) Causes of primary graft non function are A/E
a) Recipient with renal failure
b) Microsteatosis > 60%
c) Cold ischaemia time > 12hrs
d) Non heart beating donor
Discuss the causes of PNF-Primary non function of liver
Q. Hyergastrinemia occurs in all except
c)Brunner gland adenoma
Q) Newest treatment for anal incontinence?
a. Sacral nerve stimulation
b. Artificial sphincter.
c. Repair of sphincter
d. Gluteus maximus graft
Sacral nerve stimulation is the newest modality in treatment for anal incontinence. In it electrodes are placed via the sacral foramina. The nerve supply of anal sphincter is similar to lower extremity so their stimulation can lead to contraction of various foot muscles.
Others are all older methods
Shackelford page 1779
Q) Post cholecystectomy injury which is true
a) Bile duct leak occurs in 1%
b) After open cholecystectomy bile duct injury occurs in 0.5 to 1 %
c) Most common cause of bile duct injury is cystic stump blow out and duct of luschka injury
d) Type E injury is clipping of CBD by mistake
Q) Non hereditary polyp in colon
a) Peutz Jeghers Syndrome
d) Cronkhite Canada
Q) LASER used in CA urinary bladder
a) Carbon dioxide
b. Nd yag
c. Holmium yag